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"Шифруемся?! "

"Шифруемся?! "
Раздел: Оборудование для диагностики и обслуживания инжекторных двигателей
Журнал: "Новости Авторемонта" (www.remontauto.ru)
№ журнала: ноябрь, 2004
Дата публикации: 01.11.2004

В своей практической деятельности диагносты часто сталкиваются с проблемой правильной интерпретации информации, получаемой ими из диагностических приборов, например сканеров. Проблема эта вызвана тем обстоятельством, что информационные сообщения содержат акронимы и аббревиатуры различных специальных терминов, согласно SAE J1930, которые приняты в международном стандарте ISO. В редакцию часто обращаются наши читатели с просьбой объяснить значения непонятных сокращений.

Журнал продолжает публикацию серии материалов, которые, надеемся, помогут вам разобраться с рекомендованными по SAE J1930 терминами.
Мы снова не даем русского перевода терминов, дабы не вносить путаницы, - диагносты нас поймут.

CROSS-REFERENCE AND LOOK-UP

EXISTING USAGE / ACCEPTABLE USAGE / ACCEPTABLE ACRONIZED USAGE

FT (Fuel Trim) / Fuel Trim / FT
FTP (Fuel Tank Pressure) / Fuel Tank Pressure / FTP
FTP (Fuel Tank Pressure) Sensor / Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor / FTP Sensor
FTT (Fuel Tank Temperature) / Fuel Tank Temperature / FTT
FTT (Fuel Tank Temperature) Sensor / Fuel Tank Temperature Sensor / FTT Sensor


Fuel Charging Station / Throttle Body / TB
Fuel Concentration Sensor / Flexible Fuel Sensor / FF Sensor
Fuel Injection / Central Multiport Fuel Injection / Central MFI
Fuel Injection / Continuous Fuel Injection / CFI
Fuel Injection / Direct Fuel Injection / DFI

Fuel Injection / Indirect Fuel Injection / IFI
Fuel Injection / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI
Fuel Injection / Sequential Multiport Fuel Injection / SFI
Fuel Injection / Throttle Body Fuel Injection / TBI
Fuel Level Sensor / Fuel Level Sensor / Fuel Level Sensor

Fuel Module / Fuel Pump Module / FP Module
Fuel Pressure / Fuel Pressure / Fuel Pressure
Fuel Pressure Regulator / Fuel Pressure Regulator / Fuel Pressure Regulator
Fuel Pump / Fuel Pump / FP
Fuel Pump Relay / Fuel Pump Relay / FP Relay

Fuel Quality Sensor / Flexible Fuel Sensor / FF Sensor
Fuel Rail Pressure / Fuel Rail Pressure / FRP
Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor / Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor / FRP Sensor
Fuel Rail Temperature / Fuel Rail Temperature / FRT
Fuel Rail Temperature Sensor / Fuel Rail Temperature Sensor / FRT Sensor


Fuel Regulator / Fuel Pressure Regulator / Fuel Pressure Regulator
Fuel Sender / Fuel Pump Module / FP Module
Fuel Sensor / Fuel Level Sensor / Fuel Level Sensor
Fuel Tank Pressure / Fuel Tank Pressure / FTP
Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor / Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor / FTP Sensor

Fuel Tank Temperature / Fuel Tank Temperature / FTT
Fuel Tank Temperature Sensor / Fuel Tank Temperature Sensor / FTT Sensor

Fuel Tank Unit / Fuel Pump Module / FP Module
Fuel Trim / Fuel Trim / FT
Full Throttle / Wide Open Throttle / WOT

Full Time Four Wheel Drive / Full Time Four Wheel Drive / F4WD
FWD (Front Wheel Drive) / Front Wheel Drive / FWD
GCM (Governor Control Module) / Governor Control Module / GCM
GEM (Governor Electronic Module) / Governor Control Module / GCM
GEN (Generator) / Generator / GEN

Glow Plug / Glow Plug / Glow Plug
GND (Ground) / Ground / GND
Governor / Governor / Governor
Governor Control Module / Governor Control Module / GCM
Governor Electronic Module / Governor Control Module / GCM

GPM (Gram Per Mile) / Gram Per Mile / GPM
Gram Per Mile / Gram Per Mile / GPM
GRD (Ground) / Ground / GND
Ground / Ground / GND
HC (Hydrocarbon) / Hydrocarbon / HC

HCDS (High Clutch Drum Speed) / High Clutch Drum Speed / HCDS
HCDS (High Clutch Drum Speed) Sensor / High Clutch Drum Speed Sensor / HCDS Sensor

Heated Oxygen Sensor / Heated Oxygen Sensor / HO2S
HEDF (High Electro-Drive Fan) Control / Fan Control / FC
HEGO (Heated Exhaust Gas Oxygen) Sensor / Heated Oxygen Sensor / HO2S

HEI (High Energy Ignition) / Distributor Ignition / DI
High Clutch Drum Speed / High Clutch Drum Speed / HCDS
High Clutch Drum Speed Sensor / High Clutch Drum Speed Sensor / HCDS Sensor
High Pressure Cutoff Switch / High Pressure Cutoff Switch / HPC Switch

High Speed FC (Fan Control) Switch / High Speed Fan Control Switch / High Speed FC Switch

HO2S (Heated Oxygen Sensor) / Heated Oxygen Sensor / HO2S
HOS (Heated Oxygen Sensor) / Heated Oxygen Sensor / HO2S
Hot Wire Anemometer / Mass Airflow Sensor / MAF Sensor
HPC (High Pressure Cutoff) Switch / High Pressure Cutoff Switch / HPC Switch
Hydrocarbon / Hydrocarbon / HC


I/M (Inspection and Maintenance) / Inspection and Maintenance / I/M
IA (Intake Air) / Intake Air / IA
IA (Intake Air) Duct / Intake Air Duct / IA Duct
IAC (Idle Air Control) / Idle Air Control / IAC
IAC (Idle Air Control) Thermal Valve / Idle Air Control Thermal Valve / IAC Thermal Valve

IAC (Idle Air Control) Valve / Idle Air Control Valve / IAC Valve
IACV (Idle Air Control Valve) / Idle Air Control Valve / IAC Valve
IAT (Intake Air Temperature) / Intake Air Temperature / IAT
IAT (Intake Air Temperature) Sensor / Intake Air Temperature Sensor / IAT Sensor
IATS (Intake Air Temperature Sensor) / Intake Air Temperature Sensor / IAT Sensor

IC (Ignition Control) / Ignition Control / IC
ICM (Ignition Control Module) / Ignition Control Module / ICM
ICP (Injection Control Pressure) / Injection Control Pressure / ICP
IDFI (Indirect Fuel Injection) / Indirect Fuel Injection / IFI
IDI (Indirect Diesel Injection) / Indirect Fuel Injection / IFI

IDI (Integrated Direct Ignition) / Electronic Ignition / EI
Idle Air Bypass Control / Idle Air Control / IAC
Idle Air Control / Idle Air Control / IAC
Idle Air Control Valve / Idle Air Control Valve / IAC Valve
Idle Speed Control / Idle Air Control / IAC

Idle Speed Control / Idle Speed Control / ISC
Idle Speed Control Actuator / Idle Speed Control Actuator / ISC Actuator
IFI (Indirect Fuel Injection) / Indirect Fuel Injection / IFI
IFS (Inertia Fuel Shutoff) / Inertia Fuel Shutoff / IFS
Ignition Control / Ignition Control / IC

Ignition Control Module / Ignition Control Module / ICM
IMRC (Intake Manifold Runner Control) / Intake Manifold Runner Control / IMRC
IMT (Intake Manifold Tuning) Valve / Intake Manifold Tuning Valve / IMT Valve
In-Tank Module / Fuel Pump Module / FP Module
Indirect Fuel Injection / Indirect Fuel Injection / IFI

Inertia Fuel — Shutoff Switch / Inertia Fuel Shutoff Switch / IFS Switch
Inertia Fuel Shutoff / Inertia Fuel Shutoff / IFS
Inertia Switch / Inertia Fuel Shutoff Switch / IFS Switch
Injection Control Pressure / Injection Control Pressure / ICP
Injector Pressure Sensor / Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor / FRP Sensor

Input Shaft Speed / Input Shaft Speed / ISS
Input Shaft Speed / Input Shaft Speed / ISS
Inspection and Maintenance / Inspection and Maintenance / I/M
INT (Integrator) / Short Term Fuel Trim / Short Term FT
Intake Air / Intake Air / IA

Intake Air Duct / Intake Air Duct / IA Duct
Intake Air Temperature / Intake Air Temperature / IAT
Intake Air Temperature Sensor / Intake Air Temperature Sensor / IAT Sensor
Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor / Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor / MAP Sensor
Intake Manifold Runner Control / Intake Manifold Runner Control / IMRC

Intake Manifold Tuning Valve / Intake Manifold Tuning Valve / IMT Valve
Integrated Relay Module / Relay Module / RM
Integrator / Short Term Fuel Trim / Short Term FT
Inter Cooler / Charge Air Cooler / CAC
ISC (Idle Speed Control) / Idle Air Control / IAC

ISC (Idle Speed Control) / Idle Speed Control / ISC
ISC (Idle Speed Control) Actuator / Idle Speed Control Actuator / ISC Actuator
ISC (Idle Speed Control) Solenoid Vacuum / Idle Speed Control Solenoid Vacuum / ISC Solenoid Vacuum Valve
Valve / Valve
ISC BPA (Idle Speed Control Bypass Air) / Idle Air Control / IAC
ISS (Input Shaft Speed) / Input Shaft Speed / ISS

K-Jetronic / Continuous Fuel Injection / CFI
KAM (Keep Alive Memory) / Nonvolatile Random Access Memory / NVRAM
KAM (Keep Alive Memory) / Keep Alive Random Access Memory / Keep Alive RAM
KE-Jetronic / Continuous Fuel Injection / CFI
KE-Motronic / Continuous Fuel Injection / CFI

Knock Sensor / Knock Sensor / KS
KS (Knock Sensor) / Knock Sensor / KS
L-Jetronic / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI
Lambda / Oxygen Sensor / O2S
LH-Jetronic / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI

Light Off Catalyst / Warm Up Three Way Catalytic Converter / WU-TWC
Light Off Catalyst / Warm Up Oxidation Catalytic Converter / WU-OC
Line Pressure Control Solenoid Valve / Line Pressure Control Solenoid Valve / Line PC Solenoid Valve
LOAD (Calculated Load Value) / Calculated Load Value / LOAD
Lock Up Relay / Torque Converter Clutch Relay / TCC Relay

Long Term FT (Fuel Trim) / Long Term Fuel Trim / Long Term FT
Long Term Fuel Trim / Long Term Fuel Trim / Long Term FT
Low Speed FC (Fan Control) Switch / Low Speed Fan Control Switch / Low Speed FC Switch
LUS (Lock Up Solenoid) Valve / Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Valve / TCC Solenoid Valve
M/C (Mixture Control) / Mixture Control / MC

MAF (Mass Airflow) / Mass Airflow / MAF
MAF (Mass Airflow) Sensor / Mass Airflow Sensor / MAF Sensor
Malfunction Indicator Lamp / Malfunction Indicator Lamp / MIL
Manifold Absolute Pressure / Manifold Absolute Pressure / MAP
Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor / Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor / MAP Sensor

Manifold Differential Pressure / Manifold Differential Pressure / MDP
Manifold Surface Temperature / Manifold Surface Temperature / MST
Manifold Vacuum Zone / Manifold Vacuum Zone / MVZ
Manual Lever Position Sensor / Transmission Range Sensor / TR Sensor
MAP (Manifold Absolute Pressure) / Manifold Absolute Pressure / MAP

MAP (Manifold Absolute Pressure) Sensor / Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor / MAP Sensor
MAPS (Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor) / Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor / MAP Sensor
Mass Airflow / Mass Airflow / MAF
Mass Airflow Sensor / Mass Airflow Sensor / MAF Sensor
MAT (Manifold Air Temperature) / Intake Air Temperature / IAT

MATS (Manifold Air Temperature Sensor) / Intake Air Temperature Sensor / IAT Sensor
MC (Mixture Control) / Mixture Control / MC
MCS (Mixture Control Solenoid) / Mixture Control Solenoid / MC Solenoid
MCU (Microprocessor Control Unit) / Powertrain Control Module / PCM
MDP (Manifold Differential Pressure) / Manifold Differential Pressure / MDP

MFI (Multiport Fuel Injection) / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI
MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp) / Malfunction Indicator Lamp / MIL
Mixture Control / Mixture Control / MC
MLPS (Manual Lever Position Sensor) / Transmission Range Sensor / TR Sensor
Modes / Diagnostic Test Mode / DTM

Mono-Jetronic / Throttle Body Fuel Injection / TBI
Mono-Motronic / Throttle Body Fuel Injection / TBI
Monotronic / Throttle Body Fuel Injection / TBI
Motronic / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI
Motronic-Pressure / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI

MPI (Multipoint Injection) / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI
MPI (Multiport Injection) / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI
MRPS (Manual Range Position Switch) / Transmission Range Switch / TR Switch
MST (Manifold Surface Temperature) / Manifold Surface Temperature / MST
Multiport Fuel Injection / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI

MVZ (Manifold Vacuum Zone) / Manifold Vacuum Zone / MVZ
NDS (Neutral Drive Switch) / Park/Neutral Position Switch / PNP Switch
Neutral Safety Switch / Park/Neutral Position Switch / PNP Switch
NGS (Neutral Gear Switch) / Park/Neutral Position Switch / PNP Switch
Nitrogen Oxides / Nitrogen Oxides / NOX

Non Dispersive Infrared / Non Dispersive Infrared / NDIR
Non Volatile Random Access Memory / Non Volatile Random Access Memory / NVRAM
NOX (Nitrogen Oxides) / Nitrogen Oxides / NOX
NPS (Neutral Position Switch) / Park/Neutral Position Switch / PNP Switch
NVM (Non Volatile Memory) / Non Volatile Random Access Memory / NVRAM

NVRAM (Non Volatile Random Access / Non Volatile Random Access Memory / NVRAM
Memory)
O2 (Oxygen) / Oxygen / O2
O2 (Oxygen) Sensor / Oxygen Sensor / O2S
O2S (Oxygen Sensor) / Oxygen Sensor / O2S
OBD (On Board Diagnostic) / On Board Diagnostic / OBD

OC (Oxidation Catalyst) / Oxidation Catalytic Converter / OC
ODS (Overdrive Drum Speed) / Overdrive Drum Speed / ODS
ODS (Overdrive Drum Speed) Sensor / Overdrive Drum Speed Sensor / ODS Sensor

Oil Pressure Sender / Engine Oil Pressure Sensor / EOP Sensor
Oil Pressure Sensor / Engine Oil Pressure Sensor / EOP Sensor

Oil Pressure Switch / Engine Oil Pressure Switch / EOP Switch
OL (Open Loop) / Open Loop / OL
On Board Diagnostic / On Board Diagnostic / OBD
Open Loop / Open Loop / OL
OS (Oxygen Sensor) / Oxygen Sensor / O2S

OSS (Output Shaft Speed) Sensor / Output Shaft Speed Sensor / OSS Sensor
Output Driver / Driver / Driver
Overdrive Drum Speed / Overdrive Drum Speed / ODS
Overdrive Drum Speed Sensor / Overdrive Drum Speed Sensor / ODS Sensor
Output Shaft Speed / Output Shaft Speed / OSS


Output Shaft Speed Sensor / Output Shaft Speed Sensor / OSS Sensor
Oxidation Catalytic Converter / Oxidation Catalytic Converter / OC
OXS (Oxygen Sensor) Indicator / Service Reminder Indicator / SRI
Oxygen / Oxygen / O2
Oxygen Sensor / Oxygen Sensor / O2S

P- (Pressure) Sensor / Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor / MAP Sensor
P/N (Park/Neutral) / Park/Neutral Position / PNP
P/S (Power Steering) Pressure Switch / Power Steering Pressure Switch / PSP Switch
PAIR (Pulsed Secondary Air Injection) / Pulsed Secondary Air Injection / PAIR
Parameter Identification / Parameter Identification / PID

Park/Neutral Position / Park/Neutral Position / PNP
PC (Pressure Control) Solenoid Valve / Pressure Control Solenoid Valve / PC Solenoid Valve
PCM (Powertrain Control Module) / Powertrain Control Module / PCM
PCV (Positive Crankcase Ventilation) / Positive Crankcase Ventilation / PCV
PCV (Positive Crankcase Ventilation) Valve / Positive Crankcase Ventilation Valve / PCV Valve

Percent Alcohol Sensor / Flexible Fuel Sensor / FF Sensor
Periodic Trap Oxidizer / Periodic Trap Oxidizer PTOX
PFE (Pressure Feedback Exhaust) Gas / Feedback Pressure Exhaust Gas / Feedback Pressure EGR Sensor
Recirculation Sensor / Recirculation Sensor
PFI (Port Fuel Injection) / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI
PG (Pulse Generator) / Vehicle Speed Sensor / VSS

PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel Injection) / Multiport Fuel Injection / MFI
PID (Parameter Identification) / Parameter Identification / PID
PIP (Position Indicator Pulse) / Crankshaft Position / CKP
PNP (Park/Neutral Position) / Park/Neutral Position / PNP
Positive Crankcase Ventilation / Positive Crankcase Ventilation / PCV

Positive Crankcase Ventilation Valve / Positive Crankcase Ventilation Valve / PCV Valve
Power Steering Control / Power Steering Control / PSC
Power Steering Control Module / Power Steering Control Module / PSC Module

Power Steering Pressure / Power Steering Pressure / PSP
Power Steering Pressure Switch / Power Steering Pressure Switch / PSP Switch

Powertrain Control Module / Powertrain Control Module / PCM
PR (Pressure Relief) / Pressure Relief / PR
PR (Pressure Relief) Valve / Pressure Relief Valve / PR Valve

Pressure Control Solenoid Valve / Pressure Control Solenoid Valve / PC Solenoid Valve
Pressure Feedback EGR (Exhaust Gas / Feedback Pressure Exhaust Gas / Feedback Pressure EGR
Recirculation) / Recirculation

Pressure Relief / Pressure Relief / PR
Pressure Relief Valve / Pressure Relief Valve / PR Valve

Pressure Sensor / Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor / MAP Sensor
Pressure Feedback EGR (Exhaust Gas / Feedback Pressure Exhaust Gas / Feedback Pressure EGR System
Recirculation) System / Recirculation System

Pressure Transducer EGR (Exhaust Gas / Pressure Transducer Exhaust Gas / Pressure Transducer EGR System
Recirculation) System / Recirculation System
PRNDL (Park- Reverse- Neutral- Drive- Low) / Transmission Range / TR
Programmable Read Only Memory / Programmable Read Only Memory / PROM
PROM (Programmable Read Only Memory) / Programmable Read Only Memory / PROM

PSC (Power Steering Control) / Power Steering Control / PSC
PSC (Power Steering Control) Module / Power Steering Control Module / PSC Module

PSP (Power Steering Pressure) / Power Steering Pressure / PSP
PSP (Power Steering Pressure) Switch / Power Steering Pressure Switch / PSP Switch
PSPS (Power Steering Pressure Switch) / Power Steering Pressure Switch / PSP Switch

PTOX (Periodic Trap Oxidizer) / Periodic Trap Oxidizer / PTOX
Pulsair / Pulsed Secondary Air Injection / PAIR
Pulse Width Modulation / Pulse Width Modulation / PWM
Pulsed Secondary Air Injection / Pulsed Secondary Air Injection / PAIR
PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) / Pulse Width Modulation / PWM

QDM (Quad Driver Module) / Driver / Driver
Quad Driver Module / Driver / Driver
Radiator Fan Control / Fan Control / FC
Radiator Fan Relay / Fan Control Relay / FC Relay
RAM (Random Access Memory) / Random Access Memory / RAM

Random Access Memory / Random Access Memory / RAM
Read Only Memory / Read Only Memory / ROM
Rear Wheel Drive / Rear Wheel Drive / RWD

Bold indicates new/revised entry

Продолжение в следующих номерах.

 
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