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"Шифруемся?! "

"Шифруемся?! "
Раздел: Оборудование для диагностики и обслуживания инжекторных двигателей
Журнал: "Новости Авторемонта" (www.remontauto.ru)
№ журнала: август, 2004
Дата публикации: 01.08.2004

В своей практической деятельности диагносты часто сталкиваются с проблемой правильной интерпретации информации, получаемой ими из диагностических приборов, например сканеров. Проблема эта вызвана тем обстоятельством, что информационные сообщения содержат акронимы и аббревиатуры различных специальных терминов, согласно SAE J1930, которые приняты в международном стандарте ISO.
В редакцию часто обращаются наши читатели с просьбой объяснить значения непонятных сокращений. Поэтому журнал начинает публикацию серии материалов, которые, надеемся, помогут вам разобраться с рекомендованными по SAE J1930 терминами.
Мы намеренно не даем русского перевода терминов, дабы не вносить путаницы, — диагносты нас поймут.

RECOMMENDED TERM ACRONYM
3-2 Timing Solenoid 3-2TS
Accelerator Pedal AP (1)
Accelerator Pedal Position APP
Air Cleaner ACL
Air Conditioning A/C
Air Fuel Ratio A/F
Ambient Air Temperature AAT
Automatic Transaxle A/T
Automatic Transmission A/T
Barometric Pressure BARO (1)
Battery Positive Voltage B+ (1)
Blower Control BC
Brake Pedal Position BPP
Brake Pressure (2)
Bus Negative BUS N
Bus Positive BUS P
Calculated Load Value LOAD
Camshaft Position CMP
Canister (2)
Carbon Dioxide CO2
Carbon Monoxide CO
Carburetor CARB (1)
Catalytic Converter Heater (2)
Charge Air Cooler CAC (1)
Climate Control CC
Closed Loop CL
Closed Throttle Position CTP
Clutch Pedal Position CPP
Coast Clutch Solenoid CCS
Constant Volume Sampler CVS
Continuous Fuel Injection CFI
Continuous Trap Oxidizer CTOX
Crankshaft Position CKP
Critical Flow Venturi CFV
Data Link Connector DLC (1)
Diagnostic Test Mode DTM
Diagnostic Trouble Code DTC
Direct Fuel Injection DFI
Distributor Ignition DI
Drive Motor DM
Drive Motor Control Module DMCM
Drive Motor Coolant Temperature DMCT
Drive Motor Power Inverter DMPI
Driver (2)
Early Fuel Evaporation EFE
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory EEPROM
Electronic Ignition EI
Engine Control EC
Engine Control Module ECM (1)
Engine Coolant Level ECL
Engine Coolant Temperature ECT
Engine Fuel Temperature EFT
Engine Modification EM
Engine Oil Pressure EOP
Engine Oil Temperature EOT
Engine Speed RPM (1)
Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory EPROM
Evaporative Emission EVAP (1)
Exhaust Gas Recirculation EGR
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Temperature EGRT
Exhaust Pressure EP
Four Wheel Drive 4WD
Fan Control FC
Flame Ionization Detector FID

RECOMMENDED TERM ACRONYM
Flash Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory FEEPROM
Flash Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory FEPROM
Flexible Fuel FF
Fourth Gear 4GR (1)
Freeze Frame (2), (3)
Front Wheel Drive FWD
Fuel Level Sensor (2)
Fuel Pressure (2)
Fuel Pump FP (1)
Fuel Rail Pressure FRP
Fuel Rail Temperature FRT
Fuel System Status (2), (3)
Fuel Tank Pressure FTP
Fuel Tank Temperature FTT
Fuel Trim FT
Full Time Four Wheel Drive F4WD
Generator GEN (1)
Glow Plug (2)
Governor (2)
Governor Control Module GCM (1)
Grams Per Mile GPM
Ground GND
Heated Oxygen Sensor HO2S (1)
High Clutch Drum Speed HCDS
High Pressure Cutoff HPC
Hydrocarbon HC
Idle Air Control IAC
Idle Speed Control ISC
Ignition Control IC
Ignition Control Module ICM (1)
Indirect Fuel Injection IFI
Inertia Fuel Shutoff IFS
Injection Control Pressure ICP
Input Shaft Speed ISS
Intake Manifold Tuning IMT
Inspection and Maintenance I/M (1)
Intake Air IA
Intake Air Temperature IAT
Intake Manifold Runner Control IMRC
Knock Sensor KS (1)
Malfunction Indicator Lamp MIL (1)
Manifold Absolute Pressure MAP
Manifold Differential Pressure MDP
Manifold Surface Temperature MST
Manifold Vacuum Zone MVZ
Mass Airflow MAF
Mixture Control MC
Multiport Fuel Injection MFI
Non Dispersive Infra Red NDIR
Non-Volatile Random Access Memory NVRAM
Nitrogen Oxides NOX
On Board Diagnostic OBD
Open Loop OL
Overdrive Drum Speed ODS
Output Shaft Speed OSS
Oxidation Catalytic Converter OC
Oxygen O2
Oxygen Sensor O2S (1)
Park / Neutral Position PNP
Parameter Identification PID
Periodic Trap Oxidizer PTOX
Positive Crankcase Ventilation PCV
Power Steering Pressure PSP
Power Steering Control PSC
Powertrain Control Module PCM (1)
Pressure Control PC
Pressure Relief PR
Programmable Read Only Memory PROM
Pulsed Secondary Air Injection PAIR (1)
Pulse Width Modulation PWM
Random Access Memory RAM
Read Only Memory ROM
Rear Wheel Drive RWD
Relay Module RM (1)
Scan Tool ST (1)
Secondary Air Injection AIR (1)
Selectable Four Wheel Drive S4WD
Sequential Multiport Fuel Injection SFI
Service Reminder Indicator SRI (1)
Shift Solenoid SS
Smoke Puff Limiter SPL
Spark Advance (2), (3)
Spark Plug (2)
Supercharger SC (1)
Supercharger Bypass SCB
System Readiness Test SRT
Thermal Expansion TE
Thermal Vacuum Valve TVV (1)
Third Gear 3GR (1)
Three Way + Oxidation Catalytic Converter TWC+OC
Three Way Catalytic Converter TWC
Throttle Actuator (2)
Throttle Actuator Control TAC
Throttle Body TB (1)
Throttle Body Fuel Injection TBI
Throttle Position TP
Torque Converter Clutch TCC (1)
Torque Converter Clutch Pressure TCCP
Track Road Load Horsepower TRLHP
Transmission Control Module TCM (1)
Transmission Fluid Pressure TFP
Transmission Fluid Temperature TFT
Transmission Range TR
Turbine Shaft Speed TSS
Turbocharger TC (1)
Variable Control Relay Module VCRM
Vehicle Control Module VCM (1)
Vehicle Identification Number VIN
Vehicle Speed Sensor VSS (1)
Voltage Regulator VR (1)
Volume Airflow VAF
Warm Up Oxidation Catalytic Converter WU-OC
Warm Up Three Way Catalytic Converter WU-TWC
Wide Open Throttle WOT

1. Historically acceptable common usage
2. Use recommended term only
3. For alphanumeric descriptor, Bold indicates new/revised entry

ACRONYM RECOMMENDED TERM
3-2TS 3-2 Timing Solenoid
AP (1) Accelerator Pedal
APP Accelerator Pedal Position
ACL Air Cleaner
A/C Air Conditioning
A/F Air Fuel Ratio
AAT Ambient Air Temperature
A/T Automatic Transaxle
A/T Automatic Transmission
BARO (1) Barometric Pressure
B+ (1) Battery Positive Voltage
BC Blower Control
BPP Brake Pedal Position
(2) Brake Pressure
BUS N Bus Negative
BUS P Bus Positive
LOAD Calculated Load Value
CMP Camshaft Position
(2) Canister
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
CO Carbon Monoxide
CARB (1) Carburetor
(2) Catalytic Converter Heater
CAC (1) Charge Air Cooler
CC Climate Control
CL Closed Loop
CTP Closed Throttle Position
CPP Clutch Pedal Position
CCS Coast Clutch Solenoid
CVS Constant Volume Sampler
CFI Continuous Fuel Injection
CTOX Continuous Trap Oxidizer
CKP Crankshaft Position
CFV Critical Flow Venturi
DLC (1) Data Link Connector
DTM Diagnostic Test Mode
DTC Diagnostic Trouble Code
DFI Direct Fuel Injection
DI Distributor Ignition
DM Drive Motor
DMCM Drive Motor Control Module
DMCT Drive Motor Coolant Temperature
DMPI Drive Motor Power Inverter
(2) Driver
EFE Early Fuel Evaporation
EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EI Electronic Ignition
EC Engine Control
ECM (1) Engine Control Module
ECL Engine Coolant Level
ECT Engine Coolant Temperature
EFT Engine Fuel Temperature
EM Engine Modification
EOP Engine Oil Pressure
EOT Engine Oil Temperature
RPM (1) Engine Speed
EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EVAP (1) Evaporative Emission
EGR Exhaust Gas Recirculation
EGRT Exhaust Gas Recirculation Temperature
EP Exhaust Pressure
4WD Four Wheel Drive
Fan Control FC
FID Flame Ionization Detector
FEEPROM Flash Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
FEPROM Flash Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
FF Flexible Fuel
4GR (1) Fourth Gear
(2), (3) Freeze Frame
FWD Front Wheel Drive
(2) Fuel Level Sensor
(2) Fuel Pressure
FP (1) Fuel Pump
FRP Fuel Rail Pressure
FRT Fuel Rail Temperature
(2), (3) Fuel System Status
FTP Fuel Tank Pressure
FTT Fuel Tank Temperature
FT Fuel Trim
F4WD Full Time Four Wheel Drive
GEN (1) Generator
(2) Glow Plug
(2) Governor
GCM (1) Governor Control Module
GPM Grams Per Mile
GND Ground
HO2S (1) Heated Oxygen Sensor
HCDS High Clutch Drum Speed
HPC High Pressure Cutoff
HC Hydrocarbon
IAC Idle Air Control
ISC Idle Speed Control
IC Ignition Control
ICM (1) Ignition Control Module
IFI Indirect Fuel Injection
IFS Inertia Fuel Shutoff
ICP Injection Control Pressure
ISS Input Shaft Speed
IMT Intake Manifold Tuning
I/M (1) Inspection and Maintenance
IA Intake Air
IAT Intake Air Temperature
IMRC Intake Manifold Runner Control
KS (1) Knock Sensor
MIL (1) Malfunction Indicator Lamp
MAP Manifold Absolute Pressure
MDP Manifold Differential Pressure
MST Manifold Surface Temperature
MVZ Manifold Vacuum Zone
MAF Mass Airflow
MC Mixture Control
MFI Multiport Fuel Injection
NDIR Non Dispersive Infra Red
NVRAM Non-Volatile Random Access Memory
NOX Nitrogen Oxides
OBD On Board Diagnostic
OL Open Loop
ODS Overdrive Drum Speed
OSS Output Shaft Speed
OC Oxidation Catalytic Converter
O2 Oxygen
O2S (1) Oxygen Sensor
PNP Park / Neutral Position
PID Parameter Identification
PTOX Periodic Trap Oxidizer
PCV Positive Crankcase Ventilation
PSP Power Steering Pressure
PSC Power Steering Control
PCM (1) Powertrain Control Module
PC Pressure Control
PR Pressure Relief
PROM Programmable Read Only Memory
PAIR (1) Pulsed Secondary Air Injection
PWM Pulse Width Modulation
RAM Random Access Memory
ROM Read Only Memory
RWD Rear Wheel Drive
RM (1) Relay Module
ST (1) Scan Tool
AIR (1) Secondary Air Injection
S4WD Selectable Four Wheel Drive
SFI Sequential Multiport Fuel Injection
SRI (1) Service Reminder Indicator
SS Shift Solenoid
SPL Smoke Puff Limiter
(2), (3) Spark Advance
(2) Spark Plug
SC (1) Supercharger
SCB Supercharger Bypass
SRT System Readiness Test
TE Thermal Expansion
TVV (1) Thermal Vacuum Valve
3GR (1) Third Gear
TWC+OC Three Way + Oxidation Catalytic Converter
TWC Three Way Catalytic Converter
(2) Throttle Actuator
TAC Throttle Actuator Control
TB (1) Throttle Body
TBI Throttle Body Fuel Injection
TP Throttle Position
TCC (1) Torque Converter Clutch
TCCP Torque Converter Clutch Pressure
TRLHP Track Road Load Horsepower
TCM (1) Transmission Control Module
TFP Transmission Fluid Pressure
TFT Transmission Fluid Temperature
TR Transmission Range
TSS Turbine Shaft Speed
TC (1) Turbocharger
VCRM Variable Control Relay Module
VCM (1) Vehicle Control Module
VIN Vehicle Identification Number
VSS (1) Vehicle Speed Sensor
VR (1) Voltage Regulator
VAF Volume Airflow
WU-OC Warm Up Oxidation Catalytic Converter
WU-TWC Warm Up Three Way Catalytic Converter
WOT Wide Open Throttle

1. Historically acceptable common usage
2. Use recommended term only
3. For alphanumeric descriptor, Bold indicates new/revised entry

 
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